Adleman, Debra Waiting for The Lord: Nineteenth Century Black Communities in Susquehanna County, Pa. (Rockport, Me.: Picton Press, 1997)

Bates, Samuel P. History of Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-5 (Harrisburg: B. Singerly, State Printers, 1871)

Billingsley, Rev. Amos S. From the Flag to the Cross: Or, Scenes and Incidents of Christianity in the War; the Conversions … Sufferings and Deaths of Our Soldiers, on the Battle-field, in Hospital, Camp and Prison; and a Description of Distinguished Christian Men and Their Labors (Philadelphia: New-World Publishing Co., 1872)

Blackett, R.J.M. Freedom, or the Martyr’s Grave: Black Pittsburgh’s Aid to the Fugitive Slave (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh, 1997)

Blackman, Emily C. The History of Susquehanna County (Baltimore: Regional Publishing Co., 1873, reprinted 1970)

Blight, David W., editor Passages to Freedom: The Underground Railroad in History and Memory (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Books, 2004)

Blockson, Charles L. The Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania (New York: Berkley Books, 1987)

Bradsby, Henry C. History of Luzerne, Lackawanna, and Wyoming Counties, Pa: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Their Prominent Men and Pioneers (New York: W.W. Munsell & Co., 1880)

Brauer, Norm Revisiting Bailey Hollow: A History of Dalton (copyright Norm Brauer, 1988)

Brooks, Leonard L. Who Freed the Slaves? The Fight Over the Thirteenth Amendment (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015)

Brooks, Noah Washington in Lincoln’s Time (Washington, D.C.: Century Co., 1895)

Brower, Edith Little Old Wilkes-Barre As I Knew It (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.: Fowler, Dick & Walker, 1923),

Brown, Barbara W., and Rose, James M. Black Roots in Southeastern Connecticut, 1650-1900 (New London, Conn.: New London County Historical Society, 2001)

Brown, William Wells Narrative of William W. Brown, an American Slave, Written by Himself (London: Charles Gilpin, 1850)

Coco, Gregory A. Killed In Action (Gettysburg, Pa.: Thomas Publications, 1996)

Cooper, H.C. Jr. The Twentieth Century Bench and Bar of Pennsylvania, Vol. 2 (Chicago: Brown & Cooper, 1903)

Davis, Hugh, “We Will Be Satisfied With Nothing Less”: The African American Struggle for Equal Rights in the North During Reconstruction (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2011)

Djupe, Paul A., and Olson, Laura R., editors, Encyclopedia of American Religion and Politics (Infobase Publishing, 2014)

Dobak, William A., Freedom by the Sword: The U.S. Colored Troops, 1862-1867 (Washington D.C.: Center of Military History, U.S. Army, 2011)

Egerton, Douglas R. Thunder at the Gates: The Black Civil War Regiments That Redeemed America (New York: Basic Books, 2016)

Foner, Eric Gateway to Freedom: The Hidden History of the Underground Railroad (New York, W.W. Norton & Co., 2015)

Freeman, Aileen Sallom Lincoln: The Northeastern Pennsylvania Connection (Paupack, Pa.: Fosi Ltd., 2000)

Furnas, J.C. Goodbye to Uncle Tom (New York: Sloane, 1956)

Gara, Larry The Liberty Line: The Legend of the Underground Railroad (Lexington, Ky.: University of Kentucky Press, 1961)

Glatthaar, Joseph T. Forged in Battle: The Civil War Alliance of Black Soldiers and White Officers (New York: Free Press, 1990)

Graber, Mark A. Dred Scott and the Problem of Constitutional Evil (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2008)

Grow, Rev. William B. Eighty-Five Years of Life and Labor (Carbondale, Pa.: self-published, 1902)

Hitchcock, Frederick L., and Down, John P. History of Scranton and Its People, Vol. 1 (Scranton: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1914)

Hollister, Horace Contributions to the History of the Lackawanna Valley (New York: W.H. Tinson, 1857)

Howe, Thomas J. The Petersburg Campaign: Wasted Valor, June 15-18, 1864 (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard Inc., 1988)

Hunter, Carol M. To Set the Captives Free: Reverend Jermain Wesley Loguen and the Struggle for Freedom in Central New York, 1835-1872 (New York: Garland Publishing, 1993)

Johnson, Frederick C. The Historical Record of Wyoming Valley: A Compilation of Matters of Local History from the Columns of the Wilkes-Barre Record (Wilkes-Barre: Press of the Wilkes-Barre Record, 1902)

Kulp, George Brubaker Sketches of the Bench and Bar of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, Vol. 3 (Wilkes-Barre: E. B. Yordy, 1890)

Lapsansky, Emma Black Presence in Pennsylvania: Making It Home (University Park, Pa.: Historical Association, Pennsylvania History Studies, No. 21, 2001)

Lilley, Stephen R. Fighters Against American Slavery (San Diego, Calif.: Lucent Books, 1999)

Longacre, Edward G. Army of Amateurs: General Benjamin F. Butler and the Army of the James, 1863-65 (Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 1997)

Moss, Emerson I. African-Americans in the Wyoming Valley, 1778-1990 (Wilkes-Barre: Wyoming County Historical and Geological Society, 1992)

Mumford, Mildred This Is Waverly (Waverly, Pa.: Waverly Women’s Club, 1954)

Neely, Mark E. The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties (Oxford Paperbacks, 1991)

Pierce, Frederick Clifton Batchelder, Batcheller Genealogy (Chicago: W.B. Conkey Co, 1898)

Power, J. C. Abraham Lincoln: His Great Funeral Cortege, from Washington City to Springfield, Illinois With a History and Description of the National Lincoln Monument (Springfield, Ill: publisher not identified, 1872)

Redkey, Edwin S. A Grand Army of Black Men: Letters from African-American Soldiers in the Union Army 1861-1865 (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1992)

Sacks, Howard L. and Judith R. Way Up North in Dixie: A Black Family’s Claim to the Confederate Anthem (Champaign, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 2003)

Sandow, Robert M. Deserter Country: Civil War Opposition in the Pennsylvania Appalachians (New York: Fordham University Press, 2009)

Scott, Donald Sr. Camp William Penn: 1863-1865 (Atglen, Pa.: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 2012)

Shaffer, Donald R. After the Glory: The Struggles of Black Civil War Veterans (Lawrence, Kansas: University of Kansas Press, 2004)

Siebert, William H. The Underground Railroad From Slavery to Freedom (New York: Macmillan, 1898)

Spear, Sheldon Wyoming Valley History Revisited (Jemags & Co.,: Shavertown, Pa, 1994)

Stampp, Kenneth M. The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Ante-Bellum South (New York: Vintage, 1956

Stevenson, George E. Reflections of an Anthracite Engineer (Scranton: Hudson Coal Co., 1931)

Sweet, Frank W. Legal History of the Color Line: The Rise and Triumph of the One-Drop Rule (Palm Coast, Fla.: Backintyme, 2005)

Taylor, Frank H. Philadelphia in the Civil War, 1861 1865 (Philadelphia: City of Philadelphia, 1913)

Tomasek, Peter, editor Avery Harris Civil War Journal (Wilkes-Barre: Luzerne National Bank, 2000)

Trudeau, Noah Andre Like Men of War: Black Troops in the Civil War 18662-1865 (Toronto, Canada: Little Brown & Co.)

Wise, Stephen R. Gate of Hell: Campaign for Charleston Harbor, 1863 (Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 1994)

Wooden, Sherman The Place I Call Home: How Abolition and the Underground Railroad Shaped the Communities of Northeastern Pennsylvania (Montrose, Pa.: Center for Anti-Slavery Studies, 2009)

Undesignated Author Historical Record: The Early History of Wyoming Valley and Contiguous Territory (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.: Press of the Wilkes-Barre Record, 1893)


Articles and Manuscripts


Davis, Hugh “The Pennsylvania State Equal Rights League and the Northern Black Struggle for Legal Equality,” article in The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, October 2002

Derr, Allean F. “Factoryville: The Hollow in the Beech Woods” (unpublished manuscript, in the holdings of Keystone College Library, Factoryville, Pa.)

Diemer, Andrew “Pennsylvania, Black Citizenship Rights, and Slavery in the 19th Century,” article in The Historical Society of Pennsylvania Legacies magazine, Fall 2016

Holzer, Harold, “America’s Second Declaration of Independence,” article in America’s Civil War, January 2013

Hudson, Leonne “Valor at Wilson’s Wharf,” article in Civil War Times Illustrated, March 1998

Kashatus, William C. “In Immortal Splendor: Wilkes-Barre’s Fugitive Slave Case of 1853,” article in Pennsylvania Heritage, Spring 2008

Jackson, Kellie Carter, “At the Risk of Our Own Lives: Violence and the Fugitive Slave Law in Pennsylvania,” article in The Civil War in Pennsylvania: The African American Experience, edited by Samuel W. Black (Pittsburgh: John Heinz History Center, 2013)

Lewis, William “Colored Settlement at Waverly” (unpublished manuscript, undated)

Lewis, William “Underground Railroad in Abington, Pa.” (unpublished manuscript, 1944)

Lewis, William “Waverly and the Underground Railroad (unpublished manuscript, 1952)

Malone, Christopher “Rethinking the End of Black Voting Rights in Antebellum Pennsylvania: Racial Ascriptivism, Partisanship and Political Development in the Keystone State,” article in Pennsylvania History, November 2005

Price, Edward “The Black Voting Rights Issue in Pennsylvania, 1780-1900,” article in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography,  July 1976.

Schuelke, Frieda “Activities of the Underground Railroad in Oswego County,” Journal of the Oswego Historical Society (Oswego, N.Y.: Palladium-Times Inc., 1940)

Shankman, Arnold “Draft Resistance in Civil War Pennsylvania,” article in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, April 1977

Smith, Eric Ledell “The African American Community of Wilkes-Barre, 1870 to 1900.” (Nanticoke, Pa.: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference on the History of Northeastern Pennsylvania, 2000)

White, Jonathan W. “A Pennsylvania Judge Views the Rebellion: The Civil War Letters of George Washington Woodward,” article in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, April 2005

Williams, James T. “Northern Fried Chicken: A Historical Adventure Into the Black Community of Scranton, Pa.” (unpublished manuscript, 1993)

Wood, Nicholas, “A Sacrifice on the Altar of Slavery: Doughface Politics and Black Disenfranchisement in Pennsylvania, 1837-1838,” article in Journal of the Early Republic (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, Spring 2011)

Zbick, Jim “Pennsylvania’s ‘Perfect Hell,’” article in America’s Civil War Magazine, January 2013




Charleston Mercury (Charleston, S.C.)—, online

Christian Recorder (Philadelphia, Pa.)—, online

Cleveland Daily Leader (Cleveland. Ohio)—, online

Port Tobacco Times & Charles County Advertiser (Port Tobacco, Md.)—microfilm collection, Southern Maryland Studies Center, La Plata, Md.

Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Weekly (New York, N.Y.)—accessible Archives, online

Gettysburg Compiler (Gettysburg, Pa.)—, online

Jeffersonian (Stroudsburg, Pa.)—, online

Lackawanna Register (Scranton, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Albright Library, Scranton

Liberator (Boston, Mass.)—, online

Montrose Democrat (Montrose, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Susquehanna County Historical Society, Montrose

National Anti-Slavery Standard (Philadelphia.)—, online

North Branch Democrat (Tunkhannock, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Wyoming County Historical Society, Tunkhannock

Northern Pennsylvanian (Carbondale, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Carbondale Public Library, Carbondale

Pennsylvania Freeman (Philadelphia, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Haverford College Library, Haverford, Pa.

Pittsburgh Daily Commercial (Pittsburgh, Pa.)—, online

Pittsburgh Gazette (Pittsburgh, Pa.)—, online

Pittston Gazette (Pittston, Pa.)—, online

Reading Times (Reading, Pa.)—, online

Republican Farmer & Democratic Journal (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.)—, online

Scranton Defender (Scranton, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Pennsylvania State Library, Harrisburg

Scranton Daily Times (Scranton, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Albright Library, Scranton

Scranton Republican (Scranton, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Albright Library, Scranton

Scranton Times (Scranton, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Albright Library, Scranton

Scranton Tribune (Scranton, Pa.)—, online

Scranton Weekly Republican (Scranton, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Albright Library, Scranton

Spectator and Freeman’s Journal (Montrose, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Susquehanna County Historical Society, Montrose

Star of the North (Bloomsburg, Pa.)—, online

Volunteer (Montrose, Pa.)— microfilm collection, Susquehanna County Historical Society, Montrose

Wayne County Herald (Honesdale, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Wayne County Historical Society, Honesdale

Weekly Standard (Raleigh, N.C.)—

Wilkes-Barre Advocate (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.)—, online

Wyoming  Republican (Tunkhannock, Pa.)—microfilm collection, Wyoming County Historical Society, Tunkhannock

Wyoming Republican (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.)—, online

Wyoming Republican & Farmer’s Herald (Kingston, Pa.)—, online